The Eighteenth of April in Seventy Five…

A repeat, because I’m still on the road.

OK, how many of us remember the date only because of Longfellow’s poem?

Raises paw.

The only poem most people remember from Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s much longer collection, Tales of a Wayside Inn , “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere,” has been anthologized, and parodied, and sung, more than a lot of Longfellow’s other works. It is a bit like the Decameron or Canterbury Tales in that the framing story is a group of people meeting at an inn and telling stories to pass the time. The stories draw from American history and folklore, as well as European folklore. How(e) tavern really existed near Sudbury, MA, and Longfellow visited the place with his publisher. That led to the framing tale, and the collection was published in 1862. A best-seller, it led to tourists seeking the famous Inn.

The story opens with the inn, and the various people staying there, including a musician, the landlord, a student, a Jewish peddler, and others.

The Landlord tells the story of the famous ride:

Listen, my children, and you shall hear
Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,
On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five;
Hardly a man is now alive
Who remembers that famous day and year.

He said to his friend, “If the British march
By land or sea from the town to-night,
Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch
Of the North Church tower as a signal light,–
One, if by land, and two, if by sea;
And I on the opposite shore will be,
Ready to ride and spread the alarm
Through every Middlesex village and farm,
For the country folk to be up and to arm.”

Then he said, “Good night!” and with muffled oar
Silently rowed to the Charlestown shore,
Just as the moon rose over the bay,
Where swinging wide at her moorings lay
The Somerset, British man-of-war;
A phantom ship, with each mast and spar
Across the moon like a prison bar,
And a huge black hulk, that was magnified
By its own reflection in the tide.

Meanwhile, his friend, through alley and street,
Wanders and watches with eager ears,
Till in the silence around him he hears
The muster of men at the barrack door,
The sound of arms, and the tramp of feet,
And the measured tread of the grenadiers,
Marching down to their boats on the shore.

Then he climbed the tower of the Old North Church,
By the wooden stairs, with stealthy tread,
To the belfry-chamber overhead,
And startled the pigeons from their perch
On the sombre rafters, that round him made
Masses and moving shapes of shade,–
By the trembling ladder, steep and tall,
To the highest window in the wall,
Where he paused to listen and look down
A moment on the roofs of the town,
And the moonlight flowing over all.

Beneath, in the churchyard, lay the dead,
In their night-encampment on the hill,
Wrapped in silence so deep and still
That he could hear, like a sentinel’s tread,
The watchful night-wind, as it went
Creeping along from tent to tent,
And seeming to whisper, “All is well!”
A moment only he feels the spell
Of the place and the hour, and the secret dread
Of the lonely belfry and the dead;
For suddenly all his thoughts are bent
On a shadowy something far away,
Where the river widens to meet the bay,–
A line of black that bends and floats
On the rising tide, like a bridge of boats.

Meanwhile, impatient to mount and ride,
Booted and spurred, with a heavy stride
On the opposite shore walked Paul Revere.
Now he patted his horse’s side,
Now gazed at the landscape far and near,
Then, impetuous, stamped the earth,
And turned and tightened his saddle girth;
But mostly he watched with eager search
The belfry-tower of the Old North Church,
As it rose above the graves on the hill,
Lonely and spectral and sombre and still.
And lo! as he looks, on the belfry’s height
A glimmer, and then a gleam of light!
He springs to the saddle, the bridle he turns,
But lingers and gazes, till full on his sight
A second lamp in the belfry burns!

A hurry of hoofs in a village street,
A shape in the moonlight, a bulk in the dark,
And beneath, from the pebbles, in passing, a spark
Struck out by a steed flying fearless and fleet:
That was all! And yet, through the gloom and the light,
The fate of a nation was riding that night;
And the spark struck out by that steed, in his flight,
Kindled the land into flame with its heat.

He has left the village and mounted the steep,
And beneath him, tranquil and broad and deep,
Is the Mystic, meeting the ocean tides;
And under the alders, that skirt its edge,
Now soft on the sand, now loud on the ledge,
Is heard the tramp of his steed as he rides.

It was twelve by the village clock,
When he crossed the bridge into Medford town.
He heard the crowing of the cock,
And the barking of the farmer’s dog,
And felt the damp of the river fog,
That rises after the sun goes down.

It was one by the village clock,
When he galloped into Lexington.
He saw the gilded weathercock
Swim in the moonlight as he passed,
And the meeting-house windows, blank and bare,
Gaze at him with a spectral glare,
As if they already stood aghast
At the bloody work they would look upon.

It was two by the village clock,
When he came to the bridge in Concord town.
He heard the bleating of the flock,
And the twitter of birds among the trees,
And felt the breath of the morning breeze
Blowing over the meadows brown.
And one was safe and asleep in his bed
Who at the bridge would be first to fall,
Who that day would be lying dead,
Pierced by a British musket-ball.

You know the rest. In the books you have read,
How the British Regulars fired and fled,–
How the farmers gave them ball for ball,
From behind each fence and farm-yard wall,
Chasing the red-coats down the lane,
Then crossing the fields to emerge again
Under the trees at the turn of the road,
And only pausing to fire and load.

So through the night rode Paul Revere;
And so through the night went his cry of alarm
To every Middlesex village and farm,–
A cry of defiance and not of fear,
A voice in the darkness, a knock at the door,
And a word that shall echo forevermore!
For, borne on the night-wind of the Past,
Through all our history, to the last,
In the hour of darkness and peril and need,
The people will waken and listen to hear
The hurrying hoof-beats of that steed,
And the midnight message of Paul Revere.

6 thoughts on “The Eighteenth of April in Seventy Five…

  1. But but… He never finished the Ride! He got stopped (and later released) by the British! His companion did most of the work! [Crazy Grin]

  2. paw raised.

    My kid was recently grumbling about modern poetry and advice on how to improve your poetry so as to convey ‘feelings’. Said “I get stories that comes as poetry, I don’t write poetry to convery ‘feelings’ ” imagine that last word dripping with disdain, BTW. THIS example is more in my kid’s line. And yes I had Kid memorize it years ago.

    Rocky And Bullwinkle helped on the poetry front, too.

    • You might also try Robert Service’s ballads about Alaska and the Yukon, and A. B. “Banjo” Patterson’s Australian bush ballads.

  3. Since my birthday is the same date as Lexington and Concord, though many years more recent, no. I memorized the poem because it ends on my birthday, though. So exactly backwards.

    Elainethomp, your kid may like Robert Frost, who is about the only other poet I liked for the first four decades of life.

  4. Thanks for the recommendations! If I remember I’ll report back on how well they work. This is not a day to try poetry.

  5. Well, I’ll toss in an oddball vote for =The Song of Quoodle=, with the note that in the original the park was enclosed by “Old Gluck”.

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