One of the various projects available for government/civics students is “correcting the Constitution.” What one or two or three things would you change, and why? How would it work, i.e. how would you go about getting this amendment made into law? So it really is an essay, with a lot of components.
When I’ve assigned this to students, I’ve gotten the Equal Rights Amendment made law, a beefed-up 2nd Amendment, internet speech added to the 1st amendment, hate-speech defined and carved out of 1st Amendment protections, the 4th Amendment made clearer and firmer, repeal of the 16th Amendment (no more federal income tax), and limits on the Commerce and Necessary and Proper clauses.
Last fall? Term limits, and/or an age and mental-fitness cap. A number of students wanted no more than two terms in the Senate and three or four terms in the House. Others wanted all federal officials and members of Congress to have to pass a cognitive function and emotional stability test of some kind. Two students wanted to repeal the Second Amendment. And one wanted an exception for human sacrifice added to the First Amendment (as in, forbidding it from ever being protected as a religious activity. I didn’t ask.)